• DOI 10.31509/2658-607x-2019-2-3-1-50
  • УДК 528.9

The use of methods of geoinformation mapping for the study of woody vegetation of forest-steppe ecosystems of the Central Chernozem reserve

O.V. Ryzhkov*, G.A. Ryzhkova

Central Chernozem State Nature Biosphere Reserve named after Professor V.V. Alyokhin

Russia, 305528, Kursk region, Kursk district, Zapovedny settlement

*E-mail: ryzhkov_oleg@mail.ru

Received 15 June 2019

The methods of cartographic studies of the wood vegetation of the reserve, including the use of modern GIS technologies and satellite positioning devices, are presented. The dynamics of the spatial structure and composition of oak forests over the past 50 years is analyzed. The results of the study of the population of the main tree species of the reserve using GPS (GLONASS)-survey and GIS. Features and character of distribution of trees and bushes on open spaces (deposits, virgin steppes, pastures) are studied.

Key words: forest-steppe, nature reserves, oak forests, mapping, GPS, GLONASS, satellite positioning devices, geographic information systems.

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Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Dinamika vnedrenija drevesno-kustarnikovyh vidov rastenij na nekosimoj zalezhi Kazackogo uchastka Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika za 58 let (Dynamics of introduction of tree-shrub species of plants on the certain Deposit of the Cossack section of the Central Chernozem reserve for 58 years), In: Chtenija pamjati prof. V.V. Stanchinskogo (Readings Memory Prof. V.V. Stanchinsky), Issue 3, Smolensk: Izd-vo Smolenskogo gospeduniversiteta, 2000b, pp. 364-368.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Izmenenie chislennosti i proektivnogo pokrytija drevesno-kustarnikovyh vidov na nekosimoj zalezhi Kazackogo uchastka Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika po materialam kartirovanija 1970, 1980 i 1999 godov (Changes in the number and projective cover of tree-shrub species on the certain deposits of the Cossack section of the Central Chernozem reserve based on the mapping materials of 1970, 1980 and 1999), In: Stepi severnoj Evrazii: strategija sohranenija prirodnogo raznoobrazija i stepnogo prirodopol’zovanija v XXI veke (The Steppes of Northern Eurasia: a Strategy for the Conservation of Natural Diversity and Steppe Environmental Management in the XXI Century): Mater. international symposium, Orenburg, 2000с., pp. 339-341.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Lesa Zorinskogo uchastka Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (Forests of the Zorinsky section of the Central Chernozem reserve), In: Prirodnye uslovija i biologicheskoe raznoobrazie Zorinskogo zapovednogo uchastka v Kurskoj oblasti: Tr. Centr.-Chernozemn. gop. zapovednika, Issue 17, Tula, 2001, pp. 140-186.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Vozrastnaja struktura i zhiznennoe sostojanie popolnenija drevostoev v dubravah Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (uchastki Barkalovka i Bukreevy Barmy) za period 1991-2003 gg. (Age structure and life as the replenishment of trees in the oak forests of the Central Chernozem reserve (areas Barkalova and Bukreeva the Barm) for the period 1991-2003 period), In: Aktual’nye problemy upravlenija zapovednikami v Evropejskoj chasti Rossii (Actual Problems of Management of Reserves in the European part of Russia): Materials anniversary scientific-practical. conf., dedicated 10th anniversary of the state. natural Reserve “Voroninsky”, village Inzhavino, Tambov region, 21-24 September, 2004., Voronezh: Voronezhskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2004, pp. 138-141.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Analiz mnogoletnej dinamiki gorizontal’noj struktury dubrav Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika na osnove stacionarnyh issledovanij (Analysis of long-term dynamics of the horizontal structure of oak forests of the Central Chernozem reserve on the basis of stationary studies), In: Kartograficheskie issledovanija v Central’no-Chernozemnom zapovednike: Tr. Centr.-Chernozemn. gop. zapovednika, Issue 19, Kursk, 2006a, pp. 52-64.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Ispol’zovanie navigacionnyh priborov dlja fiksacii mestonahozhdenij i predstavlenija kart arealov vidov iz Krasnoj knigi Kurskoj oblasti (The Use of navigation devices for fixing the locations and presentation of maps of species ranges from the red book of the Kursk region), In: Issledovanija po Krasnoj knige Kurskoj oblasti (Studies in the Red Book of the Kursk Region): Mat-ly scientific-practical. conf. Kursk region, Kursk district, village Zapovednyj, March 2006, Kursk, 2006b, pp. 9-12.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Izuchenie dinamiki rasprostranenija leshhiny obyknovennoj na Streleckom uchastke Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika s ispol’zovaniem metodov GPS i GIS (Study of the dynamics of the distribution of common hazel on the Streletsky section of the Central black earth reserve using GPS and GIS methods), In: Geoinformacionnoe kartografirovanie v geografii i geojekologii: sbornik statej, Voronezhskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, Voronezh: Izd-vo “Istoki”, 2010a, pp. 67-86.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Rasprostranenie Tilia cordata v lesnyh urochishhah Streleckogo uchastka CChZ (Distribution of Tilia cordata in the forest tracts of the Streletsky district of the Central black earth reserve), In: Problemy monitoringa prirodnyh processov na osobo ohranjaemyh prirodnyh territorijah (Problems of Monitoring Natural Processes in Specially Protected Natural Territories): mater international Scientific Practical konf., dedicate. 75th anniversary of the Khopzhor State nature reserve, village Varvarino, Voronezh region, 20-23 September, 2010), Voronezh: VGPU, 2010b, pp. 377-379.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Ispol’zovanie GIS-kartografirovanija dlja izuchenija dinamiki rastitel’nogo pokrova pastbishha Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika i proektirovanija zapovedno-rezhimnyh meroprijatij (Use of GIS mapping to study the dynamics of vegetation cover of the pasture of the Central Chernozem reserve and the design of conservation measures), In: Mater. mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf., posvjashh. 130-letiju so dnja rozhdenija professora V.V. Alehina (Mater International Scientific-Practical Conf., Dedicated the 130th Anniversary of the Birth of Professor V.V. Alekhina), Kursk, village Zapovednyj, 15-18 January 2012), Kursk, 2012a, pp. 168-187.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., GPS-kartografirovanie populjacij mindalja nizkogo na uchastkah Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika Barkalovka i Bukreevy Barmy v 2011 godu (GPS mapping populations of almonds low on the territories of Central-Chernozem reserve Barkalova and Bukreeva the Barm in 2011), In: Geoinformacionnoe kartografirovanie v regionah Rossii (Geoinformation Mapping in the Regions of Russia): mater IV (absentee) Vserop. scientific-practical conf., Voronezh, 15 November, 2012, Voronezh: Izd-vo “Nauchnaja kniga”, 2012b, pp. 105-110.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Ispol’zovanie cifrovoj modeli rel’efa dlja izuchenija prostranstvennoj struktury populjacii mindalja nizkogo v Central’no-Chernozemnom zapovednike (The Use of digital elevation model to study the spatial structure of the low almond population in the Central black earth reserve), In: Aktual’nye problemy jekologii Rossii i stran blizhnego zarubezh’ja (Actual Problems of Ecology of Russia and Neighboring Countries): mater All-Russian scientific conf. from Intern. participation (Kursk, 12 November, 2013), Kursk, 2014a, pp. 80-83.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Ispol’zovanie cifrovyh modelej rel’efa dlja analiza geoprostranstvennyh dannyh Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (The Use of digital elevation models for the analysis of geospatial data of the Central Chernozem reserve), In: Sovremennye tehnologii v dejatel’nosti OOPT (Modern Technologies in the Activities of Protected Areas), Mater international scientific-practical conf. (selected), 12-16 May 2014, The resort village Naroch, Belarus’, 2014b, pp. 108-144.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Primenenie metodov GIS-kartografirovanija dlja izuchenija dinamiki rasprostranenija berezy povisloj (Betula pendula Roth) na Streleckom uchastke Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika v 2008-2011 godah (Application of GIS mapping methods to study the dynamics of the spread of birch (Betula pendula Roth) on the Streletsky site of the Central Chernozem reserve in 2008-2011), In: Flora i rastitel’nost’ Central’nogo Chernozem’ja – 2014 (Flora and Vegetation of the Central Black Earth Region – 2014): Mater interregion. scientific conf. (Kursk, 5 April, 2014), Kursk, 2014с. pp. 148-153.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Les i step’ v Central’no-Chernozemnom zapovednike: metody i rezul’taty kartografirovanija rastitel’nosti (1999–2016 gg.) (Forest and steppe in the Central Chernozem reserve: methods and results of vegetation mapping (1999-2016)), In: Sbornik tezisov Vserossijskoj nauchnoj konferencii “Nacional’naja kartograficheskaja konferencija – 2018” (Book of abstracts of the All-Russian Scientific Conference “National Cartographic Conference – 2018”), M., Rossijskaja gosudarstvennaja biblioteka, 16–19 October 2018, M.: Geograficheskij fakul’tet MGU, 2018, pp. 237-238, DOI: 10.15356/ncc2018; http://ncconf.ru/.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Dinamika sostojanija drevostoev pojmennyh dubrav uchastka Pojma Psla Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (Dynamics of forest stands of floodplain oak forests of the floodplain area of the Central Chernozem reserve), In: Flora i rastitel’nost’ central’nogo Chernozem’ja – 2019 (Flora and Vegetation of the Central Chernozem Region – 2019): Mater. Interregion. scientific konf., dedicate. 50-year-old organization of participants in the Central Chernozem Reserve Barkalovka and Bukreeviy Barma, Zapovedny village, 13 April, 2019, Kursk: Mechta, 2019a, pp. 140-146.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Rezul’taty izuchenija lesnyh jekosistem Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika na osnove GIS-tehnologij (Results of the study of forest ecosystems of the Central Chernozem reserve on the basis of GIS technologies), In: Ajerokosmicheskie metody i geoinformacionnye tehnologii v lesovedenii, lesnom hozjajstve i jekologii (Aerospace methods and geo-information technologies in forest science, forestry and ecology), Moscow, 22-24 April, 2019, Moscow: CFEP RAN, 2019b, pp. 157-159.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Nepochatyh L.V., Mnogoletnjaja dinamika otpada stvolov duba chereshchatogo v lesah Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (Long-term dynamics of mortality of the trunks of oak-trees in the forests of the Central Chernozem reserve), In: Flora i rastitel’nost’ Central’nogo Chernozem’ja – 2013 (Flora and Vegetation of the Central Chernozem Region – 2013): Mater interregion. scientific conf., Kursk, 6 April, 2013, Kursk, 2013, pp. 132-138.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Ryzhkov D.O., Obzor novyh vozmozhnostej versii 11.5 GIS MapInfo Professional dlja sozdanija kart proektivnyh pokrytij rastitel’nosti na osnove splajnov (Review of new features of version 11.5 of GIS MapInfo Professional for creating maps of projective vegetation coatings based on splines), In: Flora i rastitel’nost’ Central’nogo Chernozem’ja – 2013 (Flora and Vegetation of the Central Chernozem Region – 2013): Mater interregion. scientific conf., Kursk, 6 April, 2013, Kursk, 2013, pp. 138-140.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Ryzhkov D.O., Metodika GIS-kartografirovanija drevesnoj rastitel’nosti s ispol’zovaniem sovremennyh apparatnyh i programmnyh sredstv (Methods of GIS mapping of woody vegetation using modern hardware and software), In: Sovremennye tehnologii v dejatel’nosti osobo ohranjaemyh prirodnyh territorij: geoinformacionnye sistemy, distancionnoe zondirovanie zemli: sbornik nauchnyh statej – Minsk, 2017a, pp. 63-72.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Ryzhkov D.O., Proektivnye pokrytija drevesno-kustarnikovoj rastitel’nosti Vtorogo nekosimogo uchastka Streleckoj stepi Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika po materialam kartografirovanija 2016 goda (Projective covers of tree-shrub vegetation of the Second non-existent section of the Streletskaya steppe of the Central Chernozem reserve based on the mapping materials of 2016), Vestnik TvGU, Serija “Biologija i jekologija”, 2017b, No 3, pp. 91-99.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Ryzhkov D.O., Rezul’taty kartirovanija populjacii duba chereshchatogo na Vtorom nekosimom uchastke Streleckoj stepi Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika v 2016 godu (Results of mapping the population of English oak on the Second non-irrigated area of the Streletskaya steppe of the Central Chernozem reserve in 2016), In: Flora i rastitel’nost’ Central’nogo Chernozem’ja – 2017 (Flora and Vegetation of the Central Black Earth Region – 2017): mater interregion. scientific conf., Kursk, 8 April 2017, Kursk: Mechta, 2017с, pp. 126-131.

Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkova G.A., Zolotuhin N.I., Zolotuhina I.B., Filatova T.D., Mnogoletnie rjady dannyh Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika i vozmozhnosti ih migracii v GIS (Long-Term data series of the Central Chernozem reserve and the possibility of their migration to GIS), In: Sovremennye tehnologii v dejatel’nosti osobo ohranjaemyh prirodnyh territorij: geoinformacionnye sistemy, distancionnoe zondirovanie Zemli: sbornik nauchnyh statej, Minsk, 2018, pp. 64-69.

Ryzhkov O.V., Sobakinskih V.D., Obzor geobotanicheskogo i lesnogo kartografirovanija uchastkov i urochishh Central’no-Chernozjomnogo zapovednika (Review of geobotanical and forest mapping of sites and tracts of the Central Chernozem reserve), In: Kartograficheskie issledovanija v Central’no-Chernozemnom zapovednike: Tr. Centr.-Chernozemn. gop. zapovednika, Issue 19, Kursk, 2006, pp. 6-34.

Ryzhkov O.V., Tregubov O.V., Razvitie rossijsko-amerikanskogo sotrudnichestva po ispol’zovaniju GPS- i GIS- tehnologij na osobo ohranjaemyh prirodnyh territorijah (Development of Russian-American cooperation on the use of GPS and GIS technologies in specially protected natural areas), In: Ispol’zovanie GPS – i GIS-tehnologij dlja izuchenija osobo ohranjaemyh prirodnyh territorij (na primere landshaftnoj struktury Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo biosfernogo zapovednika) (The use of GPS – and GIS technologies for the study of specially protected natural areas (on the main landscape structure of the Voronezh State Biosphere Reserve), Pod redakciej: V.N. Solnceva, O.V. Tregubova, O.V. Ryzhkova, B.A. Alekseeva, S. Kola, P. Uorda, Tula, 2006, pp. 197-208.

Ryzhkov O.V., Vlasov A.A., Metod sozdanija vektornyh kart lesnyh fitocenozov dlja ispol’zovanija v sistemah GIS (Method of creating vector maps of forest phytocenoses for use in GIS systems), In: GIS v nauchnyh issledovanijah zapovednikov Sibiri (GIS in the Research of Reserves in Siberia): Tez. report conf., dedicated. 75th anniversary of the gop. natural Reserve “Stolby”, Krasnojarsk, 2000, pp. 14-15.

Ryzhkov O.V., Vlasov A.A., Ryzhkova G.A., Filatova T.D., Zolotuhin N.I., Zolotuhina I.B., Nepochatyh L.V., Vlasova O.P., Vlasov E.A., Mnogoletnjaja dinamika klimata i bioty Streleckogo uchastka Central’no-Chernozjomnogo zapovednika (Long-Term dynamics of climate and biota of the Streletsky site of the Central Chernozem reserve), In: Voprosy geografii, Sb. 143, Geograficheskie osnovy zapovednogo dela (k 100-letiju zapovednoj sistemy Rossii), Redkol.: V.M. Kotljakov, A.A. Chibiljov, A.A. Tishkov, Moscow: Izd. dom “Kodeks”, 2017a, pp. 267-285.

Ryzhkov O.V., Vlasov A.A., Ryzhkova G.A., Filatova T.D., Zolotuhin N.I., Zolotuhina I.B., Nepochatyh L.V., Vlasova O.P., Vlasov E.A., Monitoring klimata i bioty Streleckogo uchastka Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (The monitoring of the climate and biota of the Streletsky site of the Central Chernozem nature reserve), In: Tr. Mordovskogo gop. prirod. zapovednika im. P.G. Smidovicha, E.V. Vargot (otv. red.), A.B. Ruchin, A.A. Hapugin, Saransk – Pushta, 2017b, Issue 18, pp. 17-32.

Ryzhkov O.V., Zolotuhin N.I., Ryzhkova G.A., Vidovoj sostav dendroflory Vtorogo nekosimogo uchastka Streleckoj stepi Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (po materialam kartirovanija 2016 goda) (Species composition of the dendroflora of the Second non-irrigated area of the Streletskaya steppe of the Central Chernozem reserve (based on the mapping of 2016)), In: Vseros. nauch. konf. “Nauchnye issledovanija na zapovednyh territorijah” (All-Russia. Scientific Conf. “Scientific Research in Protected Areas): book of abstracts, Simferopol’: IT “ARIAL”, 2017, pp. 43.

Ryzhkova G.A., Ryzhkov O.V., Nekotorye rezul’taty issledovanija gorizontal’noj struktury zapovednyh dubrav (Some results of the study of the horizontal structure of protected oak forests), In: Materialy Rossijsko-Ukrainskoj nauchnoj konferencii, posvjashhjonnoj 60-letiju Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (Materials of the Russian-Ukrainian scientific conference dedicated to the 60th anniversary of the Central Black Earth Reserve), Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd., 1995, pp. 125-127.

Ryzhkova G.A., Ryzhkov O.V., Rasprostranenie drevesno-kustarnikovyh vidov na nekosimyh zalezhah Kazackogo uchastka Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (Distribution of tree-shrub species on certain deposits of the Cossack section of the Central Chernozem reserve), In: Rastitel’nyj pokrov Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika: Tr. Centr.-Chernozemn. gos. zapovednika, Tula: Grif i K°, 2001 (na oblozhke 2002), Issue 18, pp. 94-224.

Ryzhkova G.A., Ryzhkov O.V., Rasprostranenie cheremuhi obyknovennoj v lesnyh jekosistemah Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika na osnove analiza mnogoletnih nabljudenij za opadom (Distribution of common bird cherry in forest ecosystems of the Central Chernozem reserve based on the analysis of long-term observations of the fall), In: Flora i rastitel’nost’ Central’nogo Chernozem’ja – 2003 (Flora and Vegetation of the Central Black Soil Region – 2003): mat-ly science. conf., Kursk, 2003, pp. 28-31.

Ryzhkova G.A., Ryzhkov O.V., Dinamika listovogo opada v dubravah Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (Dynamics of leaf litter in the oak forests of the Central Chernozem reserve), Lesovedenie, No 5, 2004, pp. 20-27.

Ryzhkova G.A., Ryzhkov O.V., Dinamika rastitel’nosti lesnoj postojannoj probnoj ploshhadi “Osinovyj kust” po materialam kartirovanij raznyh let (Dynamics of vegetation of the forest permanent trial area “Aspen Bush” on the materials of mapping of different years), In: Kartograficheskie issledovanija v Central’no-Chernozemnom zapovednike: Tr. Centr.-Chernozemn. gop. zapovednika, Issue 19, Kursk. 2006, pp. 103-110.

Ryzhkova G.A., Ryzhkov O.V., Izuchenie dinamiki rasprostranenija leshhiny obyknovennoj na Streleckom uchastke Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika s ispol’zovaniem metodov GPS i GIS (dopolnenie) (Study of the dynamics of the distribution of common hazel on the Streletsky section of the Central black earth reserve using GPS and GIS methods (Supplement), In: Geoinformacionnoe kartografirovanie v regionah Rossii (Geoinformation Mapping in the Regions of Russia) mater. III All-Russian scientific-practical conf., Voronezh, 15-18 September 2011, Voronezhskij gosudarstvennyj universitet. Voronezh: Izd-vo “Nauchnaja kniga”, 2011. pp. 117-120.

Ryzhkova G.A., Ryzhkov O.V., Nepochatyh L.V., Usyhanie osinovyh nasazhdenij Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (Desiccation of aspen plantations of the Central Chernozem reserve), In: Flora i rastitel’nost’ Central’nogo Chernozem’ja – 2012 (Flora and Vegetation of the Central Chernozem Region – 2012): Mater. nauch. konf., Kursk, 6 April 2012, Kursk: Kurskij gos. un-t, 2012, pp. 138-142.

Ryzhkova G.A., Ryzhkov O.V., Ryzhkov D.O., Raspad osinovyh nasazhdenij Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (2008-2017 gody) (Decay of aspen plantations in the Central Chernozem reserve (2008-2017), In: Flora i rastitel’nost’ Central’nogo Chernozem’ja – 2018 (Flora and Vegetation of the Central Chernozem Region – 2018): Mater. nauch. konf., Kursk, 21 April 2018, Kursk: Mechta, 2018, pp. 105-111.

Solncev V.N., Ryzhkov O.V., Tregubov O.V., Alekseev B.A., Kaluckova N.N., Anciferova A.A., Ispol’zovanie GPS- i GIS-tehnologij dlja izuchenija osobo ohranjaemyh prirodnyh territorij (na primere landshaftnoj struktury Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo prirodnogo biosfernogo zapovednika) (The use of GPS and GIS technologies for the study of specially protected natural areas (on the example of the landscape structure of the Voronezh state natural biosphere reserve)). Tula: Grif i K, 2006, 216 p.

Utehin V.D., Rastitel’nost’ Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika i ee produktivnost’ (Vegetation of the Central Chernozem reserve and its productivity), Biogeografija, fenologija, 1967, Issue 1, pp. 18-21.

Zolotuhin N.I., Ryzhkov O.V., Filatova T.D., Istorija organizacii, nauchnye issledovanija i obshhie svedenija o Zorinskom uchastke Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika (the History of the organization, scientific research and General information about the Zorinsky area of the Central black earth reserve), In: Prirodnye uslovija i biologicheskoe raznoobrazie Zorinskogo zapovednogo uchastka v Kurskoj oblasti: Tr. Centr.-Chernozemn. gos. zapovednika, Issue 17, Tula, 2001, pp. 7-30.

Zozulin G.M., Kusmarceva N.M., Izmenenie granic drevesno-kustarnikovoj i travjanistoj rastitel’nosti na opytnyh uchastkah Central’no-Chernozemnogo zapovednika za 5 let (Changing the boundaries of tree-shrub and herbaceous vegetation in the experimental areas of the Central Chernozem reserve for 5 years), Botan. zhurn., 1951, Vol. 36, No 3, pp. 240-248.