• DOI 10.31509/2658-607x-202252-109
  • УДК 630*884+630*114.6+630*181.9


V. G. Storozhenko


Institute of Forest Science of the Russian Academy of Sciences

21 Sovetskaya str., Uspenskoye village, Moscow Region, 143030, Russia


E-mail: lesoved@mail.ru

Received: 05.04.2022

Revised:  01.08.2022

Accepted: 10.08.2022


Relevance. The native forests can be recognized as endangered formations of the European North of Russia. They are benchmarks of forest sustainability for comparative assessment with forests of other origin and use, what determines the relevance of research on their structural features. The purpose of the research is to conduct a comparative assessment of dynamic processes in the native forests of spruce formations of the southern taiga subzone of various successional positions (phases of dynamics) in the time trend of their development.

Material and methods. Native spruce forests of different ages of the southern taiga subzone of the Central Forest Biosphere Reserve (Tver region) and the Kologrivsky Forest Reserve (Kostroma region) were researched various dynamic characteristics and successional position — climax, demutation, digressive. In the biogeocenoses of the sample areas, the age of trees and the presence of rot were determined, age series were built, the volumes of trees in age generations were calculated. All the tree fractions of the analyzed spruce forests were arranged in one time series: stands, current tree fall and deadfall — from retrospective values (– 60 years) to prospective values of the age limit of trees of the first generations of stands (+ ~ 300 years). The processes of dynamics of volumes of the wood fraction of native spruce forests of various successional positions in a long time space with different rates of accumulation and decomposition of wood biomass are described.

Results and discussion. The processes of accumulation of biomass and the formation of age structures of biogeocenosis are 4 to 7 times slower than the processes of decomposition of the dying biomass of woody decay. Wood-destroying fungi of the saprotrophic complex “adjust” the activity of the decomposition process of wood decay to the dynamics of wood accumulation by the stand, maintaining the balance of accumulation and decomposition of woody biomass in the forest community. The correlation dependence of the increase in the values of tree infestation with wood-destroying fungi in age generations with an increase in their age is expressed in correlation coefficients from r — 0.89 at mr — 0.07 and t — 11.8 (spruce grove 1) to 0.99 at mr — 0.004 and t — 245 (spruce grove 4). The connection in both cases is very high, almost functional, which can be interpreted as a pattern.

Conclusion. In native virgin forests, the balance of reproducible and decomposable wood is preserved as one of the most important criteria for the sustainable functioning of forest communities. This position can be regarded as an important fact of the evolutionary functional structure of forests.

Keywords: southern taiga, indigenous spruce forests, age generations, wood fractions, biomass balance


Bondartseva M. A., Opredelitel gribov Rossii. Afilloforovyye (The guide of mushrooms of Russia. Aphyllophorales), St. Petersburg: Nauka, 1998, Vol. 2, 391 p.

Dyrenkov S. A., Struktura i dinamika tayezhnykh yel’nikov (Structure and dynamics of taiga spruce forests). Moscow: Nauka, 1984, 176 p.

Gusev I. I., Stroyeniye i osobennosti taksatsii yel’nikov Severa (The structure and features of the taxation of spruce forests of the North), Moscow: Lesnaya prom-st’, 1964, 76 p.

Isayev A. S., Sukhovol’skiy V. G., Khlebopros R. G., Buzykin A. I., Ovchinnikova T. M., Modelirovaniye lesoobrazovatel’nogo protsessa: fenomenologicheskiy podkhod. Monitoring biologicheskogo raznoobraziya lesov Rossii (Modeling of the forest formation process: a phenomenological approach, Monitoring of biological diversity of forests in Russia, Moscow: Nauka, 2008. 451 p.

Kurnayev C. F., Lesorastitel’noye rayonirovaniye SSSR (Forest-growing zoning of the USSR), Moscow: Nauka, 1973, 203 p.

Morozov G. F., O lesovodstvennykh ustoyakh (About forestry foundations), Izbrannyye Trudy, Moscow: Lesnaya prom-st’, 1962, Vol. 1., pp. 459–474.

Niemelä T., Käävät, puiden sienet. Polypores, lignicolous fungi, Norrlinia, 2005, No 13, pp. 1–320.

Niemelä T., Polypores of Finland and adjacent Russia, Norrlinia, 2001, No 8, рр. 1–120.

Pravila sanitarnoy bezopasnosti v lesakh (Rules of sanitary safety in forests). December 24, 2013, № 613, 23 p.

Ryvarden L., Gilbertson R. L., European Polypores: Part 1. Abortiporus-Lindtneria, Oslo: Fungiflora, 1993, pp. 1–387.

Ryvarden L., Gilbertson R. L., European Polypores: Part 2. Meripilus-Tyromyces, Oslo: Fungiflora, 1994, pp. 388–743.

Solov’yev V. A., Mikogennyy ksiloliz, yego ekologicheskoye i tekhnologicheskoye znacheniye (Mycogenic xylolysis, its ecological and technological significance), Nauchnyye osnovy ustoychivosti lesov k derevorazrushayushchim gribam, Moscow: Nauka, 1992, pp. 140–171.

Storozhenko V. G. Kotkova V. M., Sostoyaniye korennykh yel’nikov i derevorazrushayushchiye griby (Basidiomycota) zapovednika “Kologrivskiy les” (Kostromskoy oblasti) (The state of indigenous spruce forests and wood-destroying fungi (Basidiomycota) of the Kologrivsky Forest Reserve (Kostroma region), Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy, Lesnoy zhurnal, 2013, No 3, pp. 17–25.

Storozhenko V. G., Bondartseva M. A., Solov’yev V. A., Krutov V. I., Nauchnyye osnovy ustoychivosti lesov k derevorazrushayushchim gribam (Scientific foundations of forest resistance to wood-destroying fungi), Moscow: Nauka, 1992, 221 p.

Storozhenko V. G., Datirovka razlozheniya valezhnika eli (The dating of the decomposition of spruce fallen trees), Russian journal of ecology, 1990, No 6, pp. 66–69.

Storozhenko V. G., Drevesnyy otpad v korennykh lesakh Russkoy ravniny (Tree decay in the indigenous forests of the Russian Plain), Moscow: KMK, 2011, 122 p.

Storozhenko V. G., Ustoychivyye lesnyye soobshchestva. Teoriya i eksperiment (Sustainable forest communities. Theory and experiment), M.: Grif and K., 2007, 190 p.

Sukachov V. N., Osnovy lesnoy biogeotsenologii (Fundamentals of forest biogeocenology), Moscow: Nauka, 1964, 458 p.

Tikkanen O.-P., Ruokolainen A., Heikkilä R., Recovery of boreal forest structures near abandoned villages in Western White Sea Karelia, Russia, Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 2014, Vol. 29, No 2, pp. 152–161, DOI: 10.1080/02827581.2014.881543.

Tret’yakov N. V., Gorskiy P. V., Samoylovich G. G., Spravochnik taksatora (The taxator’s reference book), Moscow-Leningrad: Goslesbumizdat, 1952, 853 p.