• DOI 10.31509/2658-607x-2020-3-3-1-8
  • УДК 630:35.977.535.3

Сonceptual bases of the organization of forest fire protection


S.N. Zharinov1*, E.I. Golubeva2, M.V. Zimin1,2


Berezhkovskaya emb., 20 bldg. 6, Moscow 121059, Russia

2Lomonosov Moscow State University

Leninskie Gory 1, Moscow 119991, Russia

*E-mail: snzharinov@mail.ru

Received 10.09.2020

Accepted 28.09.2020


The analysis of the Concept of the draft Federal Law “Forest Code of the Russian Federation” proposed for discussion has shown that it is necessary to consider in detail the problems of organizing forest fire protection. In our opinion, the provisions of clause 3.7.7. The concepts require discussion of two important aspects of this activity. The first aspect concerns the implementation of forest fire protection in the territories provided for forestry on the basis of a license agreement and an agreement on the trust management of protective forests to legal entities and individuals. The second is the definition of the basic principles and criteria, based on which, the forests will be classified according to the methods of monitoring fire hazard and the use of fire extinguishing forces and means. The need to discuss the issue of consolidating the function of forest protection from fires for state specialized organizations of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the federal body responsible for the general management of the forest protection system is revealed. The study showed that with the modern organization of fire detection and extinguishing, the approach to zoning and methodological support for making a decision on the advisability of carrying out fire extinguishing work in hard-to-reach forests requires a more thorough justification. At the same time, the development of a methodology should proceed from the zoning goal to reduce damage from fires. When calculating, it is important to take into account not only economic losses, but also negative consequences in the social sphere and in the environmental situation.

Key words: Forest code, forest fire protection, public administration, forest fire zoning


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